Functional Structure

In order for construction to be state of the art, Giken has been proposing, a need to completely change our way of thinking not, just about how to build a structure buthow the structure itself works. The traditional way “permanent structures, has been the preferred choice by engineers for many years. But! It has a substantial defect. It stands on the idea that the functionality of the structure does not change.Consequently the idea leads us to accept  excessive construction cost due to excessive safety design.

In addition to this excessiveness, the structure built with the idea requires large-scale demolition and construction  when it needs to be reconstructed.In the ever changing human society, neither the value, nor its function last long.  Eventually the time comes when the structure becomes obsolete. In this decade when the progress of technology development and  cultural development is significant, we need to change our way
of thinking regarding the use of the “permanent structure”  that makes its purpose, location and functionality unchangeable.  This endorses the need for the society to demand a new approach to construction.   

Recyclable and Sustainable Society

In order for us to sustain our highly civilised society, we need to adjust ourselves according to changes of time and development of culture. It will require us to flexibly manage the life cycle of functional structure such as changes in function of infrastructures, restoration of natural environment and re-cycle of construction material.   

The issue of how to demolish and re-use or recycle structures  at the end of their life should be“engineered” into every structure. This is the key to sustainable development  and total design,incorporating flexible functional changes and  end of life recycling processes.



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15 Manchester Mews